Saturday, April 18, 2009

Great Telugu Spiritual Guru - Sai Baba

Sathya Sai Baba addresses his devotees in his native(mother tongue) language Telugu.

Sathya Sai Baba, born Sathyanarayana Raju on November 12, 1926 [1][2] with the family name of "Ratnakaram",[3] is a controversial South Indian guru, described by his followers as a godman and miracle worker.[1][4][5] The Sathya Sai Organization reports an estimated 1,200 Sathya Sai Baba Centers in 114 countries worldwide.[6] The number of Sathya Sai Baba adherents is estimated to be somewhere around 6 million, although followers cite anywhere from 50 to 100 million.[7] Followers consider him to be a reincarnation of the saint Sai Baba of Shirdi.

Sathyanarayana Raju was born to Peddavenkama Raju and Eswaramma in an agrarian family in the remote village of Puttaparthi, located in Anantapur district, Andhra Pradesh.[13] Biographer and devotee Schulman wrote in 1971 that "for any episode of Baba's childhood, there are countless contrasting versions and, at this point, the author discovered that it was no longer possible to separate the facts from the legend".

An official four-volume biography was written by devotee Professor Narayana Kasturi under the guidance of Sathya Sai Baba.The biography recounts an anecdotal incident where a cobra was found in the bedclothes of Sathya Sai Baba shortly after he was born.[16]. The book claims that the incident led to him becoming known as "lord of serpents" among the villagers.[2] Devotee Arnold Schulman contradicts the story, stating that Sathyanarayana Raju's sister who claims to have been present at his birth recounts the cobra was found outside of the house, several hours after Raju was born, a sight not uncommon in the village.[17] The young Sathyanarayana, the biography claims, was a vegetarian and was "known" for his aversion to animal cruelty.

At the age of eight, Satynanarayana Raju attended higher elementary school in Bukkapatnam. After that he joined another high school at Uravakonda. The biography claims that on March 8, 1940, Satynanarayana Raju started behaving "as if a scorpion had stung in his foot". He exhibited strange behavior after this and entered a coma state. After some time, he got up and his behavior worried his parents - he did not want to eat but, the biography claims, kept silent for a long time, and some times "recite verses". In May 1940, he proclaimed himself to be a reincarnation of the fakir and saint Sai Baba of Shirdi (d. 1918) and subsequently took the fakir's name, Sai Baba.[19] Baba purportedly taught them his bhajans (devotional songs that are sung out aloud in praise of minor Hindu deities or in praise of sai baba himself). Sai Baba claimed himself to be an "avatar". Sathya Sai Baba is listed in the 1942 school record of Bukkapatnam.[20] In 1944 a mandir for followers of Sathya Sai Baba was built near the village which is now called the "old mandir"(old temple).[18][21] The construction of Prashanthi Nilayam, the current ashram, was started in 1948.

In 1958, Sanathana Sarathi, the official magazine for the followers of Sathya Sai Baba, was published for the first time.

Sathya travelled only once outside India to visit North East Africa in 1968.[21]

Sathya Sai Baba had two sisters, one older brother (the late Seshama Raju) and a younger brother (the late R.V.Janaki Ramaiah).

Sathya Sai Baba established three temples (referred to as a "mandir") in India. The first center, established in Mumbai, is referred to as either "Dharmakshetra" or "Sathyam". The second center, established in Hyderabad, is referred to as "Shivam". The third center, established in Chennai, is referred to as "Sundaram".

Sathyanarayana Raju has been confined to a wheelchair since 2005 and reportedly his failing health has forced him to make fewer public appearances.

According to the Sathya Sai organization, Sathyanarayana Raju has written several articles on religious topics, later collected by the trust in the form of books, titled "Vahinis" (vehicles).[citation needed] There are sixteen vahinis.

Sai organization claims to advocate five values: sathya (truth), dharma (Hindu word for right conduct), ahimsa (non-violence), prema (love for God and all his creatures)[29] and shantih (peace).

Other teachings are:

Service and charity (seva) to others.[30]
Love for all creatures and objects.[30]
Putting a ceiling on one's desires is sadhana.[30]
Celibacy after age of fifty.[30]
Vegetarianism[29], moderate and sattvik diet.[30]
Abstinence from drinking alcohol,[30] smoking cigarettes,[30] and taking drugs.
Meditation (dhyan).[30] Baba teaches four techniques: repetition of the 'name of God'( "Sai" or "Sai Baba") ,[30] visualizing the form of God(often on sai baba's physical form),[30] sitting in silence, and jyoti (Flame/Light meditation).[30]
Importance of bhakti (devotion) to Sai Baba.[30]
Developing "prashanti"( vaguely translates to carefree-ness) and eschewing vices of character.[30]
Japa (ritual chanting of Baba's name) and other sadhana (spiritual exercise) to foster devotion.
Highly committed devotees use the phrase "Sai Ram" as a salutation.[30]
Conducting pooja or aarti( a form of ritual worship) twice daily in front of Baba photos.[citation needed]
At the ashram frequent "yagnas" or ritual worship involving ritual sacrifices of vegetable matter and ghee to a pyre is conducted for the baba.[30]

Ashrams and mandirs

The daily program at Sathya Sai Baba's temples usually begins with the chanting of "OM" and a morning prayer (Suprabatham). This is followed by Veda Parayan (chanting of the Vedas), nagarasankirtana (morning devotional songs) and twice a day bhajans and darshan (baba walks around or is wheel-chaired around amongst the gathered devotees) [52] Particularly significant are the darshans during October (the Dasara holidays and November (the month of Sai Baba's birth). [52] During darshan Sathya Sai Baba walks among his followers and may interact with people, accept letters, "materialize" and distribute vibhuti (sacred ash) or call groups or individuals for private interviews. Interviews are chosen solely at the Sai Baba's discretion.

Followers consider it a great privilege to get an interview and sometimes a single person, group or family will be invited for a private interview. It is claimed by the Sathya Sai Organization that meeting him has spiritual benefits.[53]

Some famous sayings of his are, "Help ever, Hurt never" and "Love all, Serve all'

Notable Telugu People

This is a a list of notable Telugu people.


Prime Minister of India

Shri P.V. Narasimha Rao June 21, 1991 - May 16, 1996

4 out of 12 Presidents of India

Dr. S. Radhakrishnan May 13, 1962 - May 13, 1967
Dr. Zakir Hussain May 13, 1967 - August 24, 1969
Shri Varahagiri Venkata Giri August 24, 1969 - August 24, 1974
Shri Neelam Sanjiva Reddy July 25, 1977 - July 25, 1982

Historic artists
Bammera Pothana
Allasani Peddana
Nandi Timmana
Tenali Ramakrishna
Poet Vemana
Sri Pothuluri Veerabramhendra Swamy
Sidhendra Yogi- Originator of Kuchipudi

Gouthami Putra Satakarni -- Satavahana dynasty
Pratapa Rudra Raju -- Kakatiya dynasty
Rani Rudrama Devi -- Kakatiya dynasty
Vijay Rama Gajapati Raju Pusapati -- Vijayanagaram
Krishna Deva Raya -- Tuluva dynasty of Vijayanagara

Music composers
Shyama Shastri
Bhadrachala Ramadas
Mangalampalli BalaMuraliKrishna
Movva Kshetrayya
Kandarpa Subbarao Avadhani
late pandit Kandarpa Subbarao Avadhani was born in mandapeta RAJAHMUNDRY AP Hethen left to pune to learn music from ustad ABDUL KARIM KHAN AND PT VINAYALK RAO PATWARDHAN HE WAS PROFESSOR OF MUSIC IN BHU VARANASI HIS EXPERTISE IN TARANA was MAIN ATTRACTION AMOUNG AUDIANCE HE DIED IN 1997 INVARANASI my grand father was pt bramanand sastry was a rajpurohit in peethapuram palace of rajahmundry his late wife lakshmi kantam is no more in this world only dreams are with us pt Vinayak Rao Patwardhan was great classical vocalists of india he was also great music legends of india .one of his best student late pt K S Avadhani learned and dedicated his life to music lovers he beacame music teacher in BHU varanasi and he also created Omkar Mahavidylaya in Faizabad see murlikrishna orcut album

Religious leaders and philosophers
Acharya Nagarjuna - Philosopher and Alchemist
Yogi Vemana- Poet and philosopher
Jiddu Krishnamurti - 20th century spiritual teacher and philosopher
Sri Nimbarkacharya- One of the four principal Vaishnav acharyas of India.
Sri Vishnuswami- One of the four principal Vaishnav acharyas of India.
Sri Vallabhacharya- Another major Vaishnav acharya.
K.A. Paul - Christian minister
Sri Satya Sai Baba - An internationally renowned Spiritual Master, based in Puttaparti
Sri Pothuluri Veerabrahmendra Swamy - Clairvoyant
Sri Govindha Swamy - Founder of Aalaya Darshanam (Complete Information on Temples in India)

Warriors, martyrs and freedom fighters
Alluri Sitaramaraju
Potti Sreeramulu
Colonel D.S.RAJU
Tanguturi Prakasam
Pingali Venkayya
Prof. N.G. Ranga
Durgabai Deshmukh
Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya
Sarojini Naidu
Kandukuri Veeresalingam
Major Padmapani Acharya
Dr.A.V.Rama Rao
Yellapragada Subbarao
C. R. Rao
Y. Nayudamma
Prof. V. Ramalingaswami
Dr N.G.P Rao

Dr. Mahidhara Nalini Mohan Rao
Dr C.R Reddy, Founder and Vice-chancellor of Andhra University
Krishna A Maddipatla (MK Anil), President & CEO, Maddipatlas Inc., New York and Director, NY State Education Dept for Vocational Schools
Dr K .Murali Krishna libraian RAU Jobner jewel of india
Award winners

Member of the British Empire
Dr. Sekhar Tam Tam 2006[1]

Bharat Ratna
V.V. Giri, awarded 1975
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishna, awarded 1954

Padma Vibhushan
C. Narayana Reddy
Dr. P. Venugopal
Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao
Prof.V. Ramalingaswami

Akkineni Nageswara Rao
Dr. B V Raju
Koduri Iswara Varaprasad Reddy
Shri Adusumalli Radha Krishna
Dr. Cingireddy Narayana Reddy
Shri Vavilala Gopalakrishnaya
Prof. V. Ramalingaswami
Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award
Karanam Malleswari - Weightlifting (1995-1996)
Pullela Gopichand - Badminton (2000-2001)
Arjuna Award
Sania Mirza (Tennis)
Mohammad Azharuddin (Cricket)
Karanam Malleswari (Weight Lifting)
Mithali Raj (Cricket)
V.V.S. Laxman (Cricket)
Koneru Humpy (Chess)
Achanta S. Kamal (Table Tennis)
Mukesh Kumar (Hockey)
Mulini Reddy (Volleyball)
Abdul Basith (Volleyball)
M. Shyamsundar Rao (Volleyball)
A. Ramana Rao (Volleyball)
P.V. Ramana (Volleyball)
Ravikanth Reddy (Volleyball)
Yousuf Khan (Football)
J.J. Shobha (Atletics)
Anil Krishnan (Rowing)
M. Srinivasa Rao (Physically challenged - Badminton)

Democratic India politicians
Late Shri. Neelam Sanjiva Reddy - ( President of India)
Late Shri. Sarvepalli Radhakrishna - President of India
Late Shri. Tanguturi Prakasam - Chief Minister of Madras Presidency and First Chief Minister Of Andhra State.
Late Shri P. V. Narasimha Rao - Prime minister of India (1991-1996)
Late Shri. Varahagiri, Venkata Giri - ( President of India)
Late Shri. N.G. Ranga - Guinness Book of World Records
Late.Shri. Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao, NTR - Chief Minister
Late.Shri. Kasu Brahmananda Reddy - Maharastra Governor, Chief Ministersec
Late.Shri. Kotla Vijaya Bhaskar Reddy - Chief Minister
Shri Nara Chandrababu Naidu - Ex-Chief Minister of A.P who brought I.T Revolution to A.P
Dr Kandarp Murali krishna MSc Phd NET SLET workinf as asstt librarian in rajasthan agricultural university jobner he has been awared jewl of india by indian soliderity council in new delhi 2006 for his outstanding achievemnt in his profession he has publsihed 35 reaserch articles in diffrent areas of education .he is writer.peot/painter educationist.geologist.librarian teacher scientists and many more hid father late K S aAvadhaniwas great vocalists of india born originally in mandapetta rajahmundry APS OF A

French Yanam
Monsieur Diwan Bouloussou Soubramaniam Sastroulou, (Ancien Membre du Conseil Local et Conseil Municipal de Yanaon, Ancien Jury De Yanaon, Former Diwan of Manyam Zamindari of French Yanam)
Monsieur Bezawada Bapa Naidou (Ancien Maire De Yanaon)
Monsieur Kamichetty Venugopala Rao Naidou (Ancien Maire De Yanaon)
Kamichetty Sri Parasurama Varaprasada Rao Naidu (Former MLA of Yanam for Six consecutive terms and Deputy Speaker, Speaker of Pondicherry)
Monsieur Dadala Raphael Ramanayya (Freedom fighter)
Monsieur Samatam Krishnayya (Poet and Pro-French Activist, Maire(interim) de Yanaon)
Monsieur Madimsetti Satianandam (Ancien Maire De Yanaon)
Monsieur Kanakala Tatayya

Wednesday, April 15, 2009

News from Newspaper 25/5/02

Online edition of India's National Newspaper
Saturday, May 25, 2002 Group PublicationsBusiness LineThe SportstarFrontlineThe Hindu

Southern States - Andhra Pradesh

Malaysian Telugus' plea to Naidu

By Our Special Correspondent

HYDERABAD May 24. The three lakh Telugus living in Malaysia feel culturally starved and look to their roots in Andhra Pradesh for help.

A large contingent of MLAs from Andhra Pradesh, which visited Kuala Lumpur earlier this month on a study tour, was given an affectionate welcome by the Telugu Association of Malaysia (TAM) at the Indian High Commission.

The Indian High Commissioner, Veena Sikri, said that Malaysia was home to the largest chunk of people of Indian origin, a good lot of them Tamils and Telugus.

The TAM was set up in 1955 and has 24 branches all over the country to serve the Telugus and boasts of a Sri Venkateswara temple in Perak. It is headquartered in a five-storeyed building in Kuala Lumpur while the Kedah branch is located in a three-storeyed structure. It has also set up a ``samkruthika nilayam'' at Rawang in Selangor.

K.M.N. Paul Naidu, president and Enkatesulu Juvalu, secretary-general, TAM, explained that the Telugus were handicapped by shortage of ``purohits'' to perform ceremonies as also good Telugu teachers. In a representation to the Chief Minister, N. Chandrababu Naidu, the TAM leaders sought allocation of seats for Malaysian Telugus in colleges and universities in Andhra Pradesh, particularly in professional and technical courses.

Qualified students were required to take examination again in Malaysia. The State Government may take the issue up with the Malaysian Government, it urged. Tamil Nadu had been able to sort out this problem.

The Telugu Association requested the State Government to send poets, writers, artistes and Telugu and English books on the language and culture, and students under cultural exchange programme

Telugu first

posts • Page 1 of 1
Chennai should be returned to Andhra Pradesh
by godman » Mon Sep,08, 2003 9:42 pm

Before independence, Chennai had more no. of Telugu people than Tamilians. What we feel is that Chennai should be returned to Andhra once again. What\'s your view? Be frank and come out please.godman
Registered User

Chennai should be returned to Andhra Pradesh
by pakka hyderabadi » Mon Sep 08, 2003 9:54 pm

Then where would the Tamilians go? In the Bay of Bengal? Give me your views. How can somebody get an idea like this?pakka hyderabadi
Registered User

Chennai should be returned to Andhra Pradesh
by Ramesh » Mon Sep 08, 2003 10:56 pm

I too agree with Pakka Hyderabadi. But the views can be expressed in a softer way. I don\'t think there\'s any requirement for Chennai as far as the people of AP are concerned. We have Hyderabad, and we can make it greater and more valuable than Chennai. That\'s the kind of spirit we need to have. We already had a very big bargain and that is the Tirupati temple. Even now the Tamils will be jealous about it and want it \"annexed\" by Tamil Nadu. But of course, it is ours.Ramesh
Registered User

Chennai should be returned to Andhra Pradesh
by Mayavi Morpheus » Tue Sep 09, 2003 12:13 am

Do you know that Chennai had 96% Telugu population before independance, but the Andhra Govt. (not AP govt) decided to have Tirupati in favour of Chennai as Tirupati brought more revenue to the state [The choice was either Tirupathi or Chennai, not both]? Also, we already had one big city - HYDERABAD and there was no need for Chennai.May the Fries be with you!Mayavi Morpheus
Registered User

Chennai should be returned to Andhra Pradesh
by a proud indian » Tue Sep 09, 2003 8:21 am

Ever heard of \'kaamnahin so kukdi kaajal pakdi\'? Chadvu ko ra naana ani school ki panpisthe evaritho ellla tagaadalu pettukovali anedi nerchukoni vachava, godman? Hey, c\'mon, leave all these issues of separate Telangana, and let\'s have Chennai to ourselves, etc etc. What you have, make the best use of it and make them work better for you, yaar! Why waste so much money, time and what not on these issues? Instead, let\'s use these resources along with all this passion and energy to better what we have. Let\'s unite as Indians rather than a Telangana, a Brahmin, a BC, an SC, ST or whatever! We are Indians, let us be so.a proud indian
Registered User

Chennai should be returned to Andhra Pradesh
by ENKATESULU JUVALU » Fri Sep 19, 2003 1:07 pm

Unnecessary issue but there are things that the Telugus ought learn from them. For them everything is Tamil, i.e. Mother is Tamil, milk is Tamil, land is Tamil. Even though Telugus are more than the Tamil in India, and outside India. Tamil is more known/used than Telugu, i.e. BBC has no Telugu news. On the internet the word mother is not in Telugu but in Tamil. Yes, it is in many more aspects too the same.

Let\'s speak more Telugu, print our call cards/pamphlets/leaflets etc. in Telugu too and be more united.

Jai Telugu Thali! Be proud. Telugu first, then an Indian.

Enkatesulu Juvalu, Malaysia.ENKATESULU JUVALU

Chennai should be returned to Andhra Pradesh
by Andhraite » Fri Sep 19, 2003 2:30 pm

I don\'t agree with you friend. I\'m INDIAN first, then a Telugu!!! If every one thinks the way I feel, then there will be less casteism, racism, and regionalism. That\'s the way I like it.Andhraite
Registered User

Chennai should be returned to Andhra Pradesh
by peeping tom » Sat Sep 20, 2003 6:15 pm

I am sorry Mayavi, but the Telugu population in Chennai was 98%, not 96% as mentioned by you.peeping tom
Registered User

Chennai should be returned to Andhra Pradesh
by raju » Sat Sep 20, 2003 6:18 pm

Any idea what the Telugu population in Hyderabad is these days?raju
Registered User

Chennai should be returned to Andhra Pradesh
by Ravi » Sat Sep 20, 2003 7:41 pm

Down the line we do not know whether Hyderabad will be with Andhra or Telengana or will it be a common capital like Chandigarh. Forget about Chennai!Ravi
Registered User

Chennai should be returned to Andhra Pradesh
by raju » Mon Sep 22, 2003 7:55 pm

I think very soon we need to ask Pakistan also to give Karachi and Lahore back to us. Let them keep the Northern Frontier which will be no good to us (it is full of crazy terrorists).raju
Registered User

Chennai should be returned to Andhra Pradesh
by Mayavi Morpheus » Tue Sep 23, 2003 2:21 am

I am planning to ask US for its entire territory. Columbus set out to find India and found America instead. So, logically US should belong to India as he thought it was India.May the Fries be with you!Mayavi Morpheus
Registered User

Chennai should be returned to Andhra Pradesh
by godman » Sun Sep 28, 2003 9:21 pm

20% Marwadis, 10% Punjabis, 20% Maharashtrians, 10% Bengalies, 10% Oriyas, 15% Telugus, 10% (Tamil+Malayalies), 05% Other Indians - this is more of a mysterious crowd.godman
Registered User

Chennai should be returned to Andhra Pradesh
by JustaLittleUnwell » Tue Sep 30, 2003 7:34 pm

Hi all, first time on this board. A little about myself - a Telugu who grew up in Chennai and belongs to a family that has been settled in Tamil Nadu for generations. However, I\'ve been living in Hyderabad for the last 10 years, and hence am entitled to the title \'Hyderabadi\' (I hope).

Regarding this discussion about \'returning\' Chennai to AP (returning within quotes, because normally it applies when a property goes back to its original owner, which is not the case here, as AP never owned Chennai), I\'m not sure if the premise is right that 96% / 98% of Chennai-ites were Telugu during independence. Probably they outnumbered Tamilians at some point in history. Yet, they are culturally very different from the Telugus in AP. They speak a language which no one can understand .

Extending this logic, Mumbai should get integrated with Gujarat, Delhi should become a part of Punjab and so on. I guess proposals like these may not find wide acceptance. I hope to be posting a lot of messages (I have a lot of time to kill ) and hope to make a lot of friends here.

Cheers!Life is what happens to you when you are busy making other plans - John LennonJustaLittleUnwell
Registered User

Chennai should be returned to Andhra Pradesh
by Raju » Wed Oct 01, 2003 10:22 pm

Hi Justa! Nnot one but 8 Crores of people in this world understand Tamil which includes India, Srilanka, Singapore, Malaisia, UK and USA. It is one of the most widespread in the whole world. Even the Hyderabad city has a population of 5 lakh Tamils who live peacefully.Raju
Registered User

Chennai should be returned to Andhra Pradesh
by Ashwin » Thu Oct 02, 2003 12:50 am

Hi All,

I have a question regarding the Open Universities in Hyderabad. I want to do a degree in Business. Will the degree from an open university have any value after graduation? Will it be equal to other Universities\' degrees?Ashwin
Registered User

Chennai should be returned to Andhra Pradesh
by » Thu Oct 02, 2003 12:51 am

Haha! Posted on WRONG BOARD. Sorry!Registered User

Chennai should be returned to Andhra Pradesh
by JustaLittleUnwell » Thu Oct 02, 2003 2:16 pm

Correction, brother. I never said no one understands Tamil. So your statistic about 8 crore Tamilians is probably redundant.

If you read my post carefully, you\'ll realize that I was referring to the Telugus from Chennai (just like myself), when I said they speak a language (i.e. their version of Telugu) which no one else understands.

Hope this clears the air up.Life is what happens to you when you are busy making other plans - John LennonJustaLittleUnwell
Registered User

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Telugu Senator

Malaysian Government urged to appoint a Telugu senator
Malaysia News.Net
Friday 27th March, 2009 (ANI)

Kuala Lumpur, Mar 27 : The Malaysian Telugu Association has asked the government to consider appointing a senator from their community to highlight in Parliament the problems being faced by their community.

MTA president Dr Achaiah kumar Rao said the Telugus, who will be celebrating their new year today, had contributed much to the development of the country, Makkal Osai reported.

He added that the community subscribes to Astro, but were disappointed with the time allocated for them.

Dr Achaiah kumar Rao further said that they would submit a memorandum to Information Minister Ahmad Sabery Cheek urging for additional time for the Telugu community on Minnal FM, the Tamil-based radio programme on RTM.


Telugu people
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Telugu people:
Saint Tyāgarāja • Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
• P. S. Kumaraswamy Raja • Tanguturi Suryakumari • Neelam Sanjiva Reddy • N.T. Rama Rao • Jiddu Krishnamurti • Sameera Reddy • Pullela Gopichand •
Total population
75,000 000[1]

Regions with significant populations
Malaysia 103,000
France 10,000
South Africa
Myanmar largest Burmese Indian group [2]

Hinduism · Islam · Christianity · Buddhism · Judaism
Related ethnic groups
Dravidian · Brahui · Gondi · Kalinga · Kannadiga · Malayali · Tamilian · Tuluva
Telugu people refer to the group of Dravidian people who natively speak the Telugu language. They are one of the most ancient ethnic groups found in India, existing prior to the writing of the Vedas and mentioned in the Ramayana and Mahabharat epics. They are also the largest of the Dravidian groups by population and Telugu, which falls in the central Dravidian language group, is the most spoken of the Dravidian languages and the third most commonly spoken language in India after Hindi and Bengali.They are spread throughout India and abroad but the state of Andra Pradesh is their homeland. The most significant populations outside of Andhra Pradhesh are found in Pondicherry, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Chattisgarh and Orissa.

Countries in North America, Europe, Africa, Australia, Mauritius, Fiji, Réunion and Malaysia also have significant populations. In the Americas they have two large associations called TANA [1] (Telugu Association of North America) and ATA [2] (American Telugu Association).

Contents [hide]
1 History
1.1 Andhra/Kalinga
1.2 Ancient Territory
1.3 Satavahanas
2 Language
3 Culture
3.1 Literature
3.2 Food
3.3 Traditional Dress
4 See also
5 References
5.1 External links

[edit] History

[edit] Andhra/Kalinga
Telugu/Andhra/Kalinga refers to the branches of the same Dravidian people. They were also called Andhri.[3] In certain times they ruled over Magadha, Anga, Asmaka, Mulaka and Kalinga.[4][5][6][7][8]

They are also mentioned in the Vayu and Matsya Purana.[9] In the Mahabharata the infantry of Satyaki was composed of a tribe called Andhras, known for their long hair, sweet language, and mighty prowess.[10] They lived along the banks of the Yamuna river. Andhras and Kalingas supported the Kauravas during the Bharata war. Sahadeva defeated the kingdoms of Pandya, Dravida, Odhra, Chera, Andhra, and Kalinga while performing the Rajasuya yajna. Chanoora was killed by Krishna in Madhura. Hari Vamsa Purana corroborates the fact that Chanoora was the king of Karoosa Desa (on the north side of Vindhya and on the north banks of the Yamuna river) and was an Andhra. Buddhist references to Andhras are also found. [11]

[edit] Ancient Territory
Andhras were nomads for several centuries. Some tribes migrated and others did not and remained in their older settlements. Apastamba Rishi states that around 700 BC some Andhra tribes inhabited Salvadesa on the banks of the Yamuna River. Apastamba sutra has been widely practiced among Andhra Brahmin families and continues to be followed even today. A single Rishi was the teacher (acharya) of each tribe. Apastamba was one such teacher. Apastamba wrote these rules in Salva Desam on the banks of Yamuna river. After Apastamba's death the Andhra tribes crossed the Vindhya mountains, reached the south, and merged with the other Andhra tribes. Atreya Brahmana tells us that Andhras lived on the south side of Vindhya along with Pundra, Pulinda, Sabaras, Mootibas.

Some of those Andhras who came to the south settled on the west side of Vindhya mountains (present Northern regions of Hyderabad). Another tribe crossed the Eastern Ghats over Orissa and reached the Kalinga Desam. Serivanijo Jataka tale explains that Andhras built the Andhaka-puram on the banks of Tel river.

Jataka tales were written during 200-250 BC. Tel river is a subriver of Mahanadi in Orissa. The people in this tribe are Kalingas. The books cited above describe the Andhras and Kalingas as two different branches of a single tribe. Sometimes these two words (Andhras and Kalingas) are used as synonyms.

Andhra tribes established relationships with Naga, Yaksha, and Dravida tribes of Vindhya mountains who already were living there. In Tamil and Kannada Ten means south side and Tenugu is a person travels to the south. The name Tenugu transformed into Telugu. From Telugu, words like Telagalu, Telangana, and Teligiri originated. A tribe called Tailang in Burma is proposed to be related to Telugu people.[3]

[edit] Satavahanas
The first great Andhra empire was that of the Satavahanas,[12] who came to power when the last Kanva emperor Sisuman, was assassinated by his prime minister Sipraca, of the Andhra tribe. They reigned for 450 years and the last was Puliman or Puloma the pious, who after conquering India put an end to his life by drowning himself in the holy waters of the Ganges, after the example of his grandfather. From this king, India was called by the Chinese Poulomeun-koue, the country of Puliman. While in the west the inhabitants of the Gangetic provinces were denominated Andhra Hindus[citation needed]. The Satavahana rulers are said to have been held in the highest veneration all over India[citation needed]; and their fame was extended to the peninsulas of Malaya, the Maharaja of India being a favorite subject of Malayan poetry[13].

[edit] Language
Main article: Telugu language
In Ancient times Telugu the language of the Andhras, seems to have been spoken as far north as the mouth of Ganges. This appears both from the geographic limits which the Greeks have assigned, to the territory of the Andhra race and from many of the names and places mentioned by Ptolemy up to that delta being found to be Telugu. Telugu is a name mentioned by the Greek geographers as that of a nation dwelling on or near the Ganges. In respect to antiquity of culture and glossarial copiousness, it ranks next to Tamil in the list of Dravidian Idioms, but this has been disputed as it has a large Sanskrit influence and has a different structure to that of other Dravidian languages. It is also named as the "Italian of the East" as most words in Telugu end in a vowel, as in Italian.

[edit] Culture

Kakateeya Sculpture at warangal
[edit] Literature
Main article: Telugu literature
Padya Sahithyam and Gadya Sahithyam
Bhagavatam by Sri Bammera Pothana
Ramayanam by Rayana Baskara
Ramayanam by Kummari Molla
Maha Bharatam by KaviTrayam (Nannaya, Yerrapragada and Tikkana)
Sataka Sahityam by Vemana, Baddena, Marana Venkana, Yenugu Lakshmana Kavi, Seshappa Kavi, Dhoorjati, and Bhakata Ramdas
Telugu Chatu Padhyalu
Tenali Ramalinga Kavi
Kavi Sarvabhouma Srinathudu
Telugu Vaggeya Karulu

[edit] Food

Ravva Dosa served at a Hotel in Guntur.Some common Telugu foods are:

Aavakaaya Pachadi
Maagaya Pachadi
Chintakaya Pachadi
Gongoora pachchadi
Korivi Karam
Vankaya Kura
Pootha Rekulu
Madata Kajalu
Gor Meetilu
Bobbatlu (bhakshaalu in Rayalaseema)
Ulava Chaaru
Pacchi Pulusu
Bommidaila Pulusu
Attu (dosa)

[edit] Traditional Dress

Uma Muralikrishna, a very talented Kuchipudi dancer performing at IIM BangaloreMale
Uttareeyam (Angavastram or veil)
Jubba (Kurta) The top portion
Pancha (Dhoti)
Lungi (Casual or Worker dress)
Cheera (Sari)
Langa Oni (Half Saree)

[edit] See also
Satavahana Dynasty
Kakatiya dynasty - the first great Telugu kingdom that lasted for centuries
Vijayanagara Empire
List of people from Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
List of Telugu people
Telugu language
Andhra cuisine

[edit] References
^ Top 30 languages
^ Kernial Singh. Indian Communities in Southeast Asia]]. p. 588.
^ Ramanlal Chhotalal Mehta, Studies in Musicology, Indian Musicological Society (1983)
^ Josiah Conder, The Modern Traveller: A Popular Description, Geographical, Historical, and ... v. I, India, (1828), p.139

[edit] External links
Telugu People Social Network
Translations of Telugu fiction and articles
Telugu people profiles
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